Berkeley Lab

Organic Scintillator Library

This page is in development and limited to organic scintillators. The table is currently limited to commercially available materials. Materials in development will be added in the future.

The primary goal of this library is to compile data on organic scintillator response to recoil protons or heavier ions to allow for the modeling of detector response to neutrons and charged particles. The “Quenching Data” column includes links to peer-reviewed articles with measured proton (or heavier ion) light yield data. In some cases, a link to a separate page is provided containing the quenching data along with information about the measurement techniques to facilitate comparison and identify potential biases. The rest of the data in the table are taken from the manufacturers’ websites (Eljen Technology and Luxium Solutions).

If you have or know of an article containing organic scintillator information that has not been included below, please send us a copy of the article (the preferred format is PDF). You are also invited to provide information for the different property columns.

You can download the complete Organic Scintillator Library in csv format below.

Note: Utilize Horizontal scrolling tool to view entire width of table.

MaterialTypeQuenching
Data
Light Output %
Anthracene
Wavelength of Max
Emission (nm)
Decay Constant
(ns)
Attenuation
Length (cm)
Refractive
Index
Density
(g/cc)
Softening/
Flash Point
(°C)
Comments
AnthraceneCrystalElectrons
Smith1968NIM64

Protons
Smith1968NIM64
Craun1970NIM80







100447301.621.25217
StilbeneCrystalElectrons
Smith1968NIM64

Protons
Smith1968NIM64
Craun1970NIM80
Shimizu2003NIMA496
Bourne2017NIMA842
Shin2019NIMA939
Weldon2020NIMA977
Steinberger2021NIMA1003
504104.51.6261.16125
Deuterated Stilbene- d12Crystal Deuterons
Becchetti2018NIMA908
Gaughan2021NIMA1018
90380>41.841.24124
NE-102A
EJ-212
BC-400
PlasticElectrons
Smith1968NIM64
Tran2018IEEETNS65

Protons
Gooding1960NIM7
Smith1968NIM64
Craun1970NIM80
Madey1978NIM151
Cecil1979NIM161
Martin1981NIM185
Naqvi1994NIMA345
Czirr1994NIMA349

Deuterons
Gooding1960NIM7

Tritons
Gooding1960NIM7

Alphas
Gooding1960NIM7
Cecil1979NIM161

Heavy ions
Becchetti1976NIM138










654232.42501.5811.02370General purpose,Good general properties, thin films
NE-104
EJ-204
BC-404
PlasticProtons
Saraf1998NIMA268
Laplace2020NIMA954
Laplace2021PRC104

Carbon
Laplace2021PRC104

Ions
Saraf1990NIMA288
684081.81601.581.02370Fast counting, Good general properties, High attenuation length
Pilot F
EJ-200
BC-408
PlasticElectrons
Nassalski2008IEEETNS55
Payne2011IEEETNS58
Swiderski2012JINST7
Tran2018IEEETNS65

Protons
Langford2016JINST11
Tkaczyk2018NIMA882
Laplace2020NIMA954
Dey2022NIMA1042

644252.13801.581.02370TOF counters, large area, Best overall general properties
NE-110
EJ-208
BC-412
PlasticProtons
Renner1978NIMA154
Dias1984NIMA224
Laplace2020NIMA954

Carbon
Dickens1989NIMA281

604353.34001.581.02370General purpose, large area, long strips
BC-416Plastic3843442101.581.02370 Alphas, betas, charged particles, cosmic rays, muons, protons. Large area economy
Pilot U2
EJ-230
BC-420
PlasticProtons
Manfredi2020IEEETNS67
643911.51201.581.03270Ultrafast timing, sheet areas, Variant of EJ-228, Used for detector dimensions exceeding 10 cm
NE-111A
EJ-232
BC-422
PlasticProtons
Manfredi2020IEEETNS67
553701.681.581.02370Very fast timing, small sizes, Very fast timing, Use with blue WLS, Small sizes(<10 cm)
EJ-232Q (0.5%)
BC-422Q
PlasticProtons
Manfredi2020IEEETNS67
113700.7<81.581.03270Ultrafast timing, ultrafast counting
NE-108
BC-430
Plastic4558016.81.581.03270Silicon photodiodes and red- enhanced PMTs
BC-436Plastic524252.21.611.1390Thin disks
BC-440MPlastic604343.33801.581.0399
BC-480Plastic4252.14001.5870
BC-498Plastic654232.41.581.03270β, γ detection
EJ-214Plastic43521.581.0260Ultra thin films (0.25 micrometers)
Pilot U
EJ-228
BC-418
PlasticProtons
Stevanato2011ApplRadIso69
673911.41.581.02375Very fast timing, High pulse pair resolution, Small sizes (<10 cm)
NE-115
EJ-240
BC-444
Plastic414302852401.581.02375Long decay time, Phoswich detectors
EJ-244
BC-440
Plastic564343.32701.581.02399Elevated temperatures, Analog to EJ-208, General purpose
EJ-244MPlastic564343.32701.581.02399Variant of EJ-244 Crosslinked
EJ-248
BC-448
Plastic604252.12501.581.02399Electrons
Swiderski2012JINST7
Tran2018IEEETNS65

Protons
Langford2016JINST11
Tkaczyk2018NIMA882
Laplace2020NIMA954
Dey2022NIMA1042

EJ-248MPlastic604252.12501.581.02399Variant of EJ-248, Crosslinked
EJ-254 (5%)
BC-454
Loaded PlasticProtons
Gabella2021IEEETNS68

Boron capture
Sun2019NIMA940
Gabella2021IEEETNS68
484251.51.581.02675Boron loaded (1% – 5%), Neutrons
NE-142
EJ-256 (5%)
BC-452
Loaded Plastic344252.11.581.08175Lead loaded(1%-5%), X-rays, Dosimetry
NE-103
EJ-260
BC-428
Plastic604909.23501.581.02375Green- emitting, Solid-state sensors
EJ-262Plastic574812.12501.581.02375Green- emitting, Solid-state sensors
EJ-276PlasticProtons
Laplace2020JINST15
Ngo2023NIMA1051
56425131.591.09670PSD plastic, Fast neutron and gamma discrimination
EJ-276GPlastic52490131.591.09670PSD plastic, Fast neutron and gamma discrimination, Green- emittimg
EJ-299Plastic Protons
Lawrence2014NIMA759
Nyibule2014NIMA768
Woolf2015NIMA784
Roy2021JINST16

Deuterons
Nyibule2014NIMA768

Tritons
Nyibule2014NIMA768

Alphas
Nyibule2014NIMA768

Heavier ions
Nyibule2014NIMA768




564201.08
NE-120
EJ-290
BC-490
ResinProtons
Nattress2016IEEETNS63
5842331.581.02375Scintillator casting resin, General purpose
EJ-296Plastic604352.51.581.0275Scintillator paint, Used to make thin films
NE-213
EJ-301
BC-501A
LiquidElectrons
Smith1968NIM64
Swiderski2012JINST7

Protons
Smith1968NIM64
Verbinski1968NIM65
Craun1970NIM80
Cecil1979NIM161
Dekempeneer1987NIMA256
Aksoy1994NIMA337
Mouatassim1995NIMA359
Nakao1995NIMA362
Meigo1997NIMA401
Hawkes2002NIMA476
Kornilov2009NIMA599
Carasco2012AppRadIso70
Bildstein2013NIMA729
Woolf2015NIMA784
Iwanowska2015NIMA781
Scherzinger2016NIMA840
Rout2018JINST13
Awe2018PRC98
Brown2018JourApplPhys124
Roy2021JINST16

Deuterons
Mouatassim1995NIMA359
Nakao1995NIMA362

Tritons
Mouatassim1995NIMA359

Alphas
Verbinski1968NIM65
Cecil1979NIM161
Mouatassim1995NIMA359

Carbons
Verbinski1968NIM65





784253.21.510.87426γ > 100 keV, fast n spectroscopy, PSD liquid, Fast neutron and gamma discrimination, pulse shape discrimination
NE-224
EJ-305
BC-505
LiquidProtons
Madey1978NIM151
Cecil1979NIM161


Alphas
Cecil1979NIM161
804252.51.50.87747γ, fast n, large volume, High light output
NE-226
EJ-313
BC-509
Liquid204253.11.381.6110γ, fast n, Hydrogen-free, neutron studies
NE-235H
EJ-321H
BC-517H
Liquid5242521.480.8681γ, fast n, cosmic, charged particles, mineral oil based
BC-517PLiquid384252.21.470.85115γ, fast n, cosmic, charged particles, mineral oil based
BC-517LLiquid3942521.4710.86102γ, fast n, cosmic, charged particles, mineral oil based
BC-517SLiquid6642521.490.8753γ, fast n, cosmic, charged particles, mineral oil based
NE-235C
EJ-235
BC-519
Liquid6042540.87574γ, fast n, n-γ discrimination
BC-523Liquid654253.7
NE-321A
EJ-339A
BC-523A
Loaded LiquidBoron capture
Swiderski2010IEEETNS57
Pino2014AppRadIso92
654253.70.931Total absorption neutron spectrometry, Enriched ¹⁰B
EJ-335
BC-525
Loaded Liquid564253.80.8864Neutron spectrometry, neutrino research, Gd (to 1%)
BC-533Liquid5142530.865γ, fast n, cosmic, Low temp operation
NE-314A
BC-551
Liquid404252.244γ, X-rays < 200 keV, Pb (5% w/w)
BC-553Liquid344253.842y, X-rays, Sn (10% w/w)
EJ-309LiquidProtons
Takada2010NuclSciTech47
Enqvist2013NIMA715
Lawrence2013NIMA727
Pino2014AppRadIso89
Tomanin2014NIMA756
Woolf2015NIMA784
Bai2017NIMA863
Norsworthy2017NIMA842
Bai2018NIMA886
Brown2018JourApplPhys124
Fregeau2019NIMA941
Laplace2020JINST15
Laplace2021PRC104

Deuterons
Takada2010NuclSciTech47

Alphas
Takada2010NuclSciTech47

Carbons
Norsworthy2018NIMA884
Laplace2021PRC104


More Info
804243.51.570.959144PSD liquid, Fast neutron and gamma discrimination, High flash poin, Low chemical toxicity, compativle with acrylic plastics
EJ-309B (5%)LiquidProtons
Iwanowska2015NIMA781

Boron capture
Swiderski2010IEEETNS57
574243.51.57-0.963144Variant of EJ-309 with natural boron loading (1%-5%)
NE-230
EJ-315
BC-537
LiquidElectrons
Smith1968NIM64

Deuterons
Smith1968NIM64
Craun1970NIM80
Croft1992NIMA316
Lawrence2013NIMA727
Bildstein2013NIMA729
Wang2016RadMeas89





604253.51.4980.954-11Deuterated benzene, neutron studies
NE-235L
EJ-321L
BC-517L
Liquid39442521.470.86102Mineral oil based, large tanks, fast neutron and gamma, cosmics
EJ-321PLiquid284252.21.470.85115Mineral oil based, high flash point, safe to use with gray PVC plastic
EJ-321SLiquid6642521.490.8774Mineral oil based, Highest light output of the EJ-321 series
EJ-325ALiquid624253.51.550.954146Mineral oil based, PSD, Fast neutron and gamma discrimination
NE-323
EJ-331 (0.5%)
BC-521
Loaded Liquid684241.5044GD loaded (0.1%- 1.5%), High light output, Fast neutrons, Neutrinos
NE-220
EJ-351
BC-220
Dioxane Based 654253.81.4421.03612Diozane based cocktail for aqueous samples
NE-105
EJ-252
BC-470
PlasticElectrons
Tran2018IEEETNS65
464232.41.581.03775Dosimetry, Water- equivalent
EJ-280
BC-482A
Plastic4909.23501.581.0275Green Wave Length Shifter
EJ-284Plastic608141.581.0275Red Wave Length Shifter
EJ-286Plastic4251.21.581.02375Blue-emitting WLS plastic. Formulated to reduce the scintillation response by a factor exceeding 100x.
EJ-282Plastic4811.91.581.02375Green-emitting WLS plastic suitable for use with blue-sensitive photomultiplier tubes.
NE-905Glass25395201.552.5Neutron