Scintillation Properties

Created by Stephen Derenzo, Martin Boswell, Marvin Weber, and Kathleen Brennan at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory with support from the Department of Homeland Security.

This website is intended to provide the measured scintillation properties of many inorganic materials, and citations to the published papers in which the measurements were reported. It is a living document that will grow as additional measurements are published. Please report any errors or omissions to Stephen Derenzo.

It is intended for two main uses:
  1. as a web-accessible reference to useful scintillation detector materials, and

  2. as an aid in developing fundamental theories or empirical relations between basic material properties and scintillation performance. To this end both strong and weak scintillators have been included, as well as those where sensitive measurements have not detected any scintillation emissions. A truly predictive theory must be able to predict both strong and weak scintillators.
Whenever possible, emissions from different mechanisms have been listed separately. These include emissions from luminescent activator ions (e.g. Ce3+, Eu2+), from self-trapped excitons (SX) (e.g. BaF2), from excitons bound to an isoelectronic hole trap (BX) (e.g. CdS:Te), from charge-transfer emissions (CX) (e.g. CaWO4), from core-valence transitions (CV) (e.g. BaF2), and from donor-acceptor recombination (d-a) (e.g. PbI2). In scintillator materials that do not contain a luminescent ion and where a specific emission mechanism has not been reported, the designation self-activated (SA) is used. Materials containing a luminescent ion as a major constituent (e.g. Bi3+ in Bi4Ge3O12 and Ce3+ in CeF3) are listed according to that ion, rather than as self-activated.

All measurements are at room temperature, unless otherwise noted.

Only measurements made with ionizing radiation (e.g. electrons, x-rays, gamma-rays) have been included. Many strongly fluorescent materials are poor scintillators. In these, photons can excite luminescent ions efficiently, but the electrons and holes produced by ionizing radiation are unable to do the same.

Measurements of crystalline powders have been included because: (1) Many scintillation materials are useful in powder form (e.g. x-ray intensifier screens), and (2) A material in powder form can provide a qualitative measurement of the luminosity, and good measurements of the time response and the scintillation emission spectrum. It is hoped that powders with promising data will prompt the production of single crystals that can be used for good measurements of luminosity and proportionality.

Materials with a dominant decay time greater than 10 microseconds have not been included, since these would be less useful in nuclear radiation detectors.

It should be noted that published luminosity values generally increase over time as improved crystals become available.

The creation and maintenance of this website is part of a DHS project to discover new inorganic scintillators by the rapid synthesis and characterization of candidate materials in microcrystal (powder) form. For a description of this facility, see "Design and implementation of a facility for discovering new scintillator materials", IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 55:1458-1463, 2008. If you wish to participate by suggesting candidate materials, please contact Stephen Derenzo.



FormulaMechanismDensity
(g/cc)
Luminosity
(photons/MeV)
Decay Time
(ns)
Emission Peak
(nm)
Energy Resolution
(% fwhm @ 662 keV)
CommentReference
AgGd(PO3)4:CeCe3+8,00014 ns (32%) + slow317; 333crystalline powder; 15% CeDerenzo2011
Al2O3Tl+2,300 (77K)138 (300K) + slow290 (30%); 420 (70%)0.2% Ti+Mikhailik2005
Al2O3:Ti3.982,300290(33%); 730(67%)<150KMikhailik2007
Ba2B5O9Cl:EuEu2+11,000640 (71%)420crystalline powder; 2% EuDerenzo2011
Ba2Ca(BO3)2:CeCe3+4.75,100244007% Ce on Ba site + 7% NaLin2007
Ba2GdCl7:CeCe3+30,00047(6%); 260 (11%); 1650 (20%) + slow355; 377crystalline powder; 10% CeDerenzo2011
Ba2MgSi2O7:EuEu2+10,000280 ns (15%); 795 (80%)505crystalline powder; 2% EuDerenzo2011
Ba2P2O7:EuEu2+2,500288 ns (19%); 632 (78%)421crystalline powder; 3% EuDerenzo2011
Ba2Si3O8:EuEu2+35,000355 ns (10%); 1,400 (90%)505crystalline powder; 0.2% EuDerenzo2011
Ba2SiO4:EuEu2+40,000242 ns (17%); 668 (81%)505crystalline powder; 0.2% EuDerenzo2011
Ba2YCl7:CeCe3+15,00018 (80%)390; 414crystalline powder; 2% CeDerenzo2011
Ba2ZnSi2O7:EuEu2+16,000665 ns (80%); 1,080 (18%)505crystalline powder; 1% EuDerenzo2011
Ba3(PO4)2:EuEu2+27,000265 ns (23%); 620 (74%)420crystalline powder; 1.5% EuDerenzo2011
Ba3B(PO4)3:EuEu2+18,000334 ns (13%); 820 (36%); 9,300 (39%)418crystalline powder; 2% EuDerenzo2011
Ba3Gd(BO3)3:CeCe3+5.3370313; 4184% CeHan2007
Ba3P4O13:EuEu2+25,000288 ns (15%); 806 (83%)440crystalline powder; 2.5% EuDerenzo2011
Ba5(PO4)3F:CeCe3+4.76400358crystalline powder, 40% CeZeng2006
Ba5Si8O21:EuEu2+20,000305 ns (17%); 852 (81%)453; 511crystalline powder; 1% EuDerenzo2011
BaAl10MgO17:EuEu2+16,000315 ns (8%); 1,460 (74%)459crystalline powderDerenzo2011
BaAl12O19:EuEu2+5,0001,110 ns (36%); 15,000 (64%)433; 460crystalline powder; 0.5% EuDerenzo2011
BaBr1.7I0.3Eu2+112,000329(23%); 640(40%)4145% Eu2+Gundiah2011
BaBr2SA4.7219,300 (10 us)2,200 + slow425; 4755.4Selling2007a
BaBr2:CeCe3+4.725,000 (0.5 us); 10,300 (10 us)80 (27%); 490 (22%); 2,100 (51%)345; 3709.81% Ce; 1% KSelling2007b
BaBr2:CeCe3+13,600 (10 us)1,700100.1% Ce; Trise = 150 nsSelling2008
BaBr2:EuEu2+4.7215,700 (10 us)58540411.0Selling2007a
BaBr2:EuEu2+4.8558,000267(21%); 655(55%)4145% Eu2+Gundiah2011
BaBr2:EuEu2+15,700 (10 us)585110.1% EuSelling2008
BaBrI:EuEu2+5.281,000297(23%); 482(77%)4134.8Bourret2010
BaBrI:EuEu2+5.297,00070 (1.5%); 432 (70%); 9,500 (28.5%)3.01 eV (42%); 2.91 eV (58%)3.48% Eu2+Bizarri2011
BaBrI:EuEu2+5.2189,000313(59%); 741(15%)4135% Eu2+Gundiah2011
BaCl2SA3.891,700 (10 us)980 + slow420; 47517.4Selling2007a
BaCl2SA3.866,0001.6 (72%); 34.8 (28%)300-400Koshimizu2009
BaCl2:CeCe3+3.892,000 (0.5 us); 5,200 (10 us)7 (6%); 190 (11%); 1,500 (83%)349; 37316.21% Ce; 1% KSelling2007b
BaCl2:CeCe3+3.893,100 (10 us)14 (10%); 90 (40%); 1,400 (50%)140.1% CeSelling2008
BaCl2:EuEu2+3.8919,400 (10 us)3904028.8Selling2007a
BaCl2:EuEu2+3.8919,400 (10 us)3908.80.1% EuSelling2008
BaCl2:EuEu2+3.8952,000 (10 us)25 (15%); 138 (21%); 642 (61%)4063.55% EuYan2013
BaClBr:EuEu2+4.552,0003.555% EuBourret2012
BaClI:EuEu2+4.654,00095% EuBourret2012
BaF2SX4.8810,000620310assumes 1 photoelectron per 5 photonsLaval1983
BaF2CV4.882,0000.6220assumes 1 photoelectron per 5 photonsLaval1983
BaF2SX4.889,950assumes 1 photoelectron per 5 photonsHoll1988
BaF2CV4.881,300<1 ns2204.4% Ce; Luminosity 3% of NaI(Tl) with Bialkali PMTMelcher1989
BaF2SX4.883,900340; 920310Luminosity 9% of NaI(Tl) with Bialkali PMTMelcher1989
BaF2CV4.881,4000.8195; 2204.4% Ce; Luminosity 3% of NaI(Tl) with Bialkali PMTVanEijk1993
BaF2CV4.880.12 (15%); 0.78 (85%)Derenzo2000
BaF2SX4.8811,00011.4Sakai1987
BaF2:CeCe3+4.8813,00047; 2603200.2% Ce; luminosity 114% of undopedVisser1991
BaF2:CeCe3+4.882,20050360Luminosity 5% of NaI(Tl) with Bialkali PMTMelcher1989
BaF2:CeCe3+4.884 (12%); 28 (78%)342-35835% CeGektin2009
BaFI:EuEu2+555,000163 (7%); 573 (81%); 905 (6%)4058.55% EuGundiah2010
BaGdCl5:CeCe3+35,00027 (11%); 87 (9%); 315 (17%); 1550 (19%)363; 389crystalline powder; 5% CeDerenzo2011
BaHfO3:CeCe3+8.340,00025 + slow400transparent ceramicVanLoef2007
BaI2SA5.152,600 (0.5 us); 4,600 (10 us)590 (71%); 2,200 (29%)550Selling2007b
BaI2:CeSA5.152,600 (10 us)610 + slow5300.1% Ce but only slow SA emission detectedSelling2007a
BaI2:CeCe3+5.15not detected0.1% CeSelling2007a
BaI2:CeCe3+4,600 (10 us0590 (71%); 2,200 (29%)0.1% CeSelling2008
BaI2:EuEu2+5.153,800 (10 us)510 + slow425Selling2007a
BaI2:EuEu2+5.1>30,000< 1,000420Cherepy2008
BaI2:EuEu2+5.140,0008Cherepy2009
BaI2:EuEu2+5.1322,000317(36%); 646(42%)4265% Eu2+Gundiah2011
BaI2:EuEu2+3,800 (10 us)510 (32%) + slow0.1% EuSelling2008
BaKPO4:EuEu2+35,000275 ns (31%); 645 (55%)425crystalline powder; 2% EuDerenzo2011
BaLu2F8CV6.944001+slow313VantSpijker1999a
BaLu2F8:CeCe3+6.9487035 + slow330VantSpijker1999a
BaMgF4CV4.51,000190; 220VanEijk1993
BaP2O6:EuEu2+1,900169 ns (38%); 795 (52%)380;470crystalline powder; 1% EuDerenzo2011
BaSi2O5;EuEu2+30,0002,800 ns (98%)520crystalline powder; 2% EuDerenzo2011
BaSiO3:EuEu2+8,000170 ns (21%); 480 (30%); 1,300 (45%)510crystalline powder; 0.1% EuDerenzo2011
BaY2F8:CeCe3+4.9798046 + slow3299.9% Ce concentrationVantSpijker1999a
BC-408 (plastic)7,500Salacka2010
BeOSX2.866,5001825015% of NaI(Tl)Ogorodnikov1996
Bi4Ge3O12 (BGO)Bi3+7.138,200Holl1988
Bi4Ge3O12 (BGO)Bi3+7.13300480Weber1973
Bi4Ge3O12 (BGO)Bi3+7.138,080Mares2004
Bi4Ge3O12 (BGO)Bi3+7.138,500Moszynski1997a
Bi4Ge3O12 (BGO)Bi3+7.13300485Grabmaier1984
Bi4Ge3O12 (BGO)Bi3+7.137,610deHaas2005
Bi4Ge3O12 (BGO)Bi3+7.1310,6009.05Sakai1987
Bi4Ge3O12 (BGO)Bi3+7.1100 (12%) 300 (79%) 1000 (4%)460crystalline powderPorter2008
Bi4Ge3O12 (BGO)Bi3+7.137,200510Haas2008
Bi4Ge3O12 (BGO)Bi3+7.137,100luminosity = average of APD and PD valuesdehaas2008
Bi4Ge3O12 (BGO)Bi3+7.138,000Salacka2010
Bi4Ge3O12 (BGO)Bi3+7.1320,000*7.2** -150C, 10 us peaking timeDerenzo1984
Bi4Si3O12 (BSO)Bi3+6.802,0001004803010,000 ph/Mev and 2,000 ns at 185KKobayashi1983
Bi4Si3O12 (BSO)Bi3+6.80105 ave 3.7 (7.5%); 28.8 (9.6%); 116.8 (87.5%)47024Harada2001
Bi4Si3O12:Ce (BSO)Bi3+6.801,200*86 ave 2.8 (7.4%); 27.1 (9.2%); 99.8 (83.4%)470290.1% Ce; *luminosity 60% of undopedHarada2001
BiBaO2BrBi3+6.712,200100 (21%) 300 (54%) 700 (12%)500crystalline powder; luminosity 0.27 x BGOPorter2008
BiBaO2ClBi3+6.366,600100 (2%) 300 (41%) 600 (23%)491crystalline powder; luminosity 0.81x BGOPorter2008
BiF3:CeCe3+7.9not detected
BiSrO2ClBi3+6.102,00050 (28%) 200 (35%) 300 (14%)431crystalline powder; luminosity 0.24 x BGOPorter2008
(C6Hs(CH2)2NH3)2PbBr4SX2.510,0009.4 + 200437vanEijk2008
Ca4YO(BO3)3:CeCe3+110390; 420crystalline powderKnitel2000
Ca5(PO4)3F:CeCe3+3.203,200354, 412crystalline powder, 2.5% CeZeng2006
CaBPO5:CeCe3+3.21,31019.50.5% CePierron2003
CaF2:CeCe3+3.184 (3%); 14 (5%); 30 (92%)318; 33235% CeGektin2009
CaF2:EuEu2+3.1824,000Holl1988
CaHfO3:CeCe3+10,00033 ns (47%) + slow439crystalline powder; 1% CeDerenzo2011
CaI2SA3.9686,000550410Hofstadter1964b
CaI2:EuEu2+3.9686,000790470Hofstadter1964b
CaI2:EuEu2+3.96110,0008Cherepy2009
CaI2:TlTl+3.9642,0001,100420Hofstadter1964b
CaLaB7O13:CeCe3+220291; 309; 330; 360crystalline powderKnitel2000
CaLaB7O13:EuEu2+not significantcrystalline powderKnitel2000
CaWO4CX6.115,000-25,0008,000425Luminosity 90% of CdWO4Zdesenko2005
CaWO4CX6.11,400 (30%); 9,200 (70%)Mikhailik2007
CaWO4CX6.115,8006.6Moszynski2005
CaWO4CX6.114,4006.377KMoszynski2005
CaYBO4:EuEu2+not significantcrystalline powderKnitel2000
CdF2SX6.41707.1520;580Jones1962
CdF2SA6.611004.8 (29%); 24 (28%); 78 (43%)420crystalline powderDerenzo1990
CdS:InIn3+4.8<1519fast phosphorLehmann1966
CdS:InIn3+4.80.2520fast n-type phosphorDerenzo2005
CdS:In,TeIn3+, Te2- BT4.83.3630fast n-type phosphorDerenzo2005
CdS:TeTe2- BX4.817,000270+slow640; 580Schotanus1992
CdWO4SA7.927,00012,000495Moszynski2005
CdWO4CX7.915,300Holl1988
CdWO4CX7.97,8005,000; 20,000480Luminosity 18% of NaI(Tl) with Bialkali PMTMelcher1989
CdWO4CX7.98,900480Grabmaier1984
CdWO4CX7.912,2008.0Sakai1987
CdWO4CX7.915,80013,0008.3300KKlamra2009
CdWO4CX7.914,3408.877KKlamra2009
CeBr3Ce3+5.268,00017371Shah2005
CeBr3 + 1-propanolCe3+3218365Boatner2013
CeBr3 + isobutanolCe3+1920360Boatner2013
CeBr3 + tert-butanolCe3+309536012.6Boatner2013
CeCl3Ce3+3.946,00025 + slow3503.4vanLoef2001b
CeCl3(CH3OH)4Ce3+16,60064.4 (93%); 1,660 (7%)36411.4Boatner2008
CeF3Ce3+6.162,400Wojtowicz1994
CeF3Ce3+6.164,4003; 26.5Moses1990
CeF3Ce3+6.164,0002; 31310; 340Anderson1989
CeF3Ce3+6.164,0002734020Moses1989
CeF3:LuLu3+6.168,000290Villora2005
CeP5O14Ce3+4,000Wojtowicz1994
Cs2BaBr4:EuEu2+4.425,000 (est.)5% Eu2+Bourret2012
Cs2BaCl4:EuEu2+3.7530,000 (est.)5% Eu2+Bourret2012
Cs2BaI4:EuEu2+4.517,000 (est.)7% Eu2+Bourret2012
Cs2LiCeBr6Ce3+4.1828,000 (10 us)86(76%); 444 (8%); 3,800(16%)400; 4187.4Cheon2011
Cs2LiCeCl6Ce3+3.422,000101(42%); 557(35%); 2,900(23%)385, 4055.5Rooh2010a
Cs2LiLaBr6:Ce (CLLB)Ce3+4.260,0004103.03.0 MeV gamma equivalentneutronGlodo2011
Cs2LiLaBr6:Ce (CLLB)Ce3+4.250,00055; >270390; 4202.910% Ce3+Shirwadkar2011
Cs2LiLaCl6:Ce (CLLC)Ce3+35,0004003.43.1 MeV gamma equivalentneutronGlodo2011
Cs2LiLuCl6:CeCe3+3.97,00029.4370; 4100.5% CeBessiere2006
Cs2LiLuI6:CeCe3+11,00047 (30%); 220(32%); 1,400 (38%)435; 478100.5% Ce3+; 35,500 photons/neutronBirowosuto2008b
Cs2LiYBr6:CeCe3+4.1524,00085 (39%); 2,5007.01% Ce; 88,000 photons/neutronBessiere2004
Cs2LiYCl6SA3.316,535 (1 us); 22,420 (10 us)6,600305Combes1999
Cs2LiYCl6CV3.316602250Bessiere2005a
Cs2LiYCl6SA3.317,000 (1us); 22,00 (10 us)7,000Bessiere2005a
Cs2LiYCl6CV3.311,7004Bessiere2004
Cs2LiYCl6:Ce (CLYC)Ce3+3.319,565 (1 us); 18,400 (10 us)600; 6,000372; 400Combes1999
Cs2LiYCl6:Ce (CLYC)Ce3+3.3121,00035 + slow49060.5% CevanLoef2005b
Cs2LiYCl6:Ce (CLYC)Ce3+3.3110,200 (1us); 21,600 (10 us)2,8003700.1% CeBessiere2005a
Cs2LiYCl6:Ce (CLYC)Ce3+3.3121,6008.00.1% Ce; 70,000 photons/neutronBessiere2004
Cs2LiYCl6:Ce (CLYC)Ce3+3.35.1>1% Ce; neutron peak resolution 2.9% Glodo2008a
Cs2LiYCl6:Ce (CLYC)Ce3+20,0003904.53.5 MeV gamma equivalentneutronGlodo2011
Cs2LiYCl6:PrPr3+3.3110,000315150.2% PrvanLoef2005b
Cs2NaCeBr6Ce3+4.025,000140 us (94%); 880 us (6%)380-4666.7Kim2009a
Cs2NaCeBr6Ce3+4.2525,000140(94%); 800(6%)377, 4006.7Kim2010
Cs2NaCeCl6Ce3+Rooh2009
Cs2NaGdBr6:CeCe3+4.1836,80072 (67%); 266 (22%); 698 (11%)393; 4225.110% CeRooh2012
Cs2NaGdBr6:Ce Ce3+4.1948,00065 (48%); 193 (24%); 864 (8%); >6,000 (20%)389; 4183.34% Ce3+Samulon2014
Cs2NaGdCl6:CeCe3+3.5021,00069 ns (34%); 503 ns (37%); 3,200 (29%)378; 400 nm4.8%10% Ce3+Rooh2014
Cs2NaGdCl6:CeCe3+3.5227,000110 (15%); 353 (18%); 1,572 (24%);>6,000 (44%)375; 4034.02% Ce3+Samulon2014
Cs2NaLaBr6:CeCe3+9,000 (0.5 us); 17,000 (10 us)61 (32%) 450 (11%) 1,900 (57%)382; 41411.30.5% CeBirowosuto2006d
Cs2NaLuBr6:CeCe3+5,200 (0.5 us); 5,800 (10 us)61 (65%) 350 (35%)389; 42210.50.5% CeBirowosuto2006d
Cs2NaLuCl6:CeCe3+1(1%); 55 (44%); 380(55%)Birowosuto2009
Cs2NaLuI6:CeCe3+30(100%)Birowosuto2009
Cs2NaYBr6:CeCe3+5,000 (0.5 us); 9,500 (10 us)61 (26%) 350 (23%) 2,700 (51%)385; 4206.30.3% CeBirowosuto2006d
Cs3CeCl6Ce3+3.419,00050 (50%); 300 (50%)4008.4Zhuravleva2011
Cs3Gd2I9:CeCe3+4.732,200 (0.5 us); 2,600 (10 us)1% CeBirowosuto2007b
Cs3GdBr6:CeCe3+4.1447,00072 (26%); 270 (25%); 1,421 (26%); >6,000 (23%)396; 4254.04-8% Ce3+Samulon2014
Cs3GdCl6:CeCe3+3.5624,50039 (7%); 129 (12%); 462 (15%); 2,110 (36%); >6,000 (30%)382; 4074.58% Ce3+Samulon2014
Cs3LaBr6SA4.551,600 (0.5 us); 2,100 (10 us)250 (92%) 2,100 (8%)39413.6Birowosuto2007b
Cs3LaBr6:CeCe3+4.555,800 (0.5 us); 10,400 (10 us)46 (18%) 270 (42%) 2,100 (40%)390; 425300.5% CeBirowosuto2007b
Cs3LaBr6:CeCe3+3.9935,00071 (72%); 437 (28%)410810% CeWei2014
Cs3LaCl6:CeCe3+3.2720,00056 (75%); 380 (25%)400920% CeWei2014
Cs3Lu2I9SA4.824,000 (0.5 us); 6,600 (10 us)770390; 60819.2Birowosuto2007b
Cs3Lu2I9:CeCe3+4.8213,600 (0.5 us; 22,800 (10 us)18 (2%); 42 (6%) 120 (40%); 510 (52%)92% CeBirowosuto2007b
Cs3LuI6SA4.781,200 (0.5 us); 1,400 (10 us)390; 608Birowosuto2007b
Cs3LuI6:CeCe3+4.781,400 (0.5 us); 1,500 (10 us)429; 4710.5% CeBirowosuto2007b
CsBa2Br5:EuEu2+4.550,000 (est.)2% EuBourret2012
CsBa2Br5:EuEu2+4.4892,000378 (6%); 1260 (67%)4352% Eu2+Borade2011
CsBa2I5:EuEu2+597,00048 (1%); 383 (26%); 1,500 (68%); 9,900 (25%)4353.87% EuBourret2009a
CsBa2I5:EuEu2+4.9102,000384 (10%); 1,200 (58%); 14,000 (32%)2.85 eV (45%); 2.7 eV (19%); 2.66 eV (36%)2.554% EuBizarri2011
CsBrCV4.4200.07250VanEijk1993
CsCaCl3CV2.91,400< 1250; 305VanEijk1993
CsCaCl3:EuEu2+3.0018,0005,0504508.9Zhuravleva2012
CsCaI3:EuEu2+4.0638,5001,7204508.0Zhuravleva2012
CsCe2Cl7Ce3+3.626,00050 (52%); 210 (47%)3857.5Zhuravleva2011
CsClCV4.09000.9240; 270VanEijk1993
CsFCV4.641,9002-4390Moszynski1983
CsFCV4.12,0002.9390VanEijk1993
CsGd(PO3)4:CeCe3+4.0724,400336, 358crystalline powder; 1% CeZhong2009
CsGd2F7:CeCe3+5.57,30020 + 3,00032520% CeSchaart1995
CsGd2F7:CeCe3+5.56,000~30 (18%) + 3,00034013.510% CeDorenbos1993
CsGd2F7:PrPr3+5.5d-f not observed2% PrDorenbos1993
CsISX4.5116.7Sakai1987
CsI:CO3SA4.5139,0001,760410; 5008.350.1% CO3Ha2009
CsI:EuEu2+4.5119,100Holl1988
CsI:InIn+4.5127,000 (12 us)1,9005459.5Gridin2013
CsI:NaNa+4.5138,000Holl1988
CsI:NaNa+4.5149,000deHaas2005
CsI:NaNa+4.5143,0007.4Sakai1987
CsI:NaNa+4.5149,000425Haas2008
CsI:NaNa+4.5146,000luminosity = average of APD and PD valuesdehaas2008
CsI:TlTl+4.5155,000Holl1988
CsI:TlTl+4.5161,000Moszynski1997a
CsI:TlTl+4.51980530Grabmaier1984
CsI:TlTl+4.5156,000deHaas2005
CsI:TlTl+4.5156,0005.7Sakai1987
CsI:TlTl+4.5157,000560Haas2008
CsI:TlTl+4.5156,000luminosity = average of APD and PD valuesdehaas2008
CsLuP2O7:CeCe3+4.498,0004.4 (14.1%); 19.8(85.9%)393crystalline powder; 0.5% CeYuan2007
CsSrBr3:EuEu2+3.840,000 (est.)3% Eu2+Bourret2012
CsSrI3:EuEu2+65,0005.98% Eu2+Yang2011
CsY2F7:CeCe3+1,400323335% CeSchaart1995
CsYP2O7:CeCe3+3.578,0005.2 (16.9%); 22.2(83.1%)393crystalline powder; 0.5% CeYuan2007
(Gd-Y)3Al5O12:Ce (GYAG)Ce3+611,00090 + >1,0005508ceramic; 0.5% CeYanagida2007
Gd2O3:CeCe3+7.6Not detected
Gd2Si2O7:Ce (GPS)Ce3+5.530,000-40,00046372; 3946luminosity 2.5 x GSO, 5 x BGOKawamura2007
Gd2SiO5:Ce (GSO)Ce3+6.7112,50056; 6004307.0Melcher1996
Gd2SiO5:Ce (GSO)Ce3+6.712,8007.8Sakai1987
Gd2SiO5:Ce (GSO)Ce3+6.717,4009.2Balcerzyk2000b
Gd3Al2Ga3O12:CeCe3+42,21752.8(73%); 282(27%survey of 23 members of (Lu,Gd)3 (Ga,Al)5 O12:Ce familyKamada2011
Gd3Al3Ga2O12:CeCe3+45,931221 (100%)survey of 23 members of (Lu,Gd)3 (Ga,Al)5 O12:Ce familyKamada2011
Gd3Sc2Al3O12:Ce (GSAG)Ce3+7,50010.8ceramic, 3% CeCherepy2009
Gd3Y3Al10O24:Ce (GYAG)Ce3+16,50011.2ceramic, 3% CeCherepy2009
GdAlO3:CeCe3+7.59,00030; 180335; 3580.75% CeDorenbos1995b
GdB3O6:CeGd3+200311crystalline powder; Ce3+ to Gd3+ transferKnitel2000
GdBO3:CeCe3+6.310,000385; 415crystalline powderKnitel2000
GdBr3Ce3+4.5528,000 (0.5 us); 44,000 (10 us)20 (26%) 212 (65%) 13,500 (9%)4602% CevanLoef2001a
GdCl3:CeCe3+4.5438,000350; 3701% CeGrippa2010
GdI3:CeCe3+5.289,000335632% CeGlodo2008
GdI3:CeCe3+5.244,00045 (70%); 250 (24%); 2,000 (6%)5604.71% Ce; 42,000 ph/MeV at 600 KBirowosuto2008a
GdOBr:CeCe3+89% of ZnS:Ag60405, 440phosphor, 1% CeBuchanan1981
GdOBr:CeCe3+6.8234,000*30 (100%); 10 risetime405; 445* 0.49 x LaBr3:Ce; crystalline powderEagleman2011
GdOCl:CeCe3+75% of ZnS:Ag36365, 410phosphor, 1% CeBuchanan1981
GdOCl:CeCe3+6.6617,000*25 (63%); 76 (27%); 6 risetime400* 0.25 x LaBr3:Ce; crystalline powder; 0.5% CeEagleman2011
GdOF:CeCe3+7.69not observedcrystalline powderEagleman2011
GdOI:CeCe3+6.857,000*23 (67%)440; 470* 0.10 x LaBr3:Ce; crystalline powder; 2% CeEagleman2011
HfF4SA7.130029350crystalline powderDerenzo1990
HfO2SA9.6831,0009.500480crystalline powder; 2.5% Eu, 1% YLeLuyer2008
K2CeBr5Ce3+2.950,0006.310% CeHawrami2008
K2CeCl5Ce3+2.930,0003705.8Roy2007
K2LaBr5:CeCe3+3.940,000 (10 us)50359; 39110% CevanLoef2005
K2LaCl5SX2.899003,70040010% CeVantSpijker1999b
K2LaCl5:CeCe3+2.8949,300; 22,600 (0.5 us) 80 + slow347; 37210% CeVantSpijker1999b
K2LaCl5:CeCe3+2.923,000 (0.5 us); 30,000 (10 us)344; 37210% CevanLoef2005
K2LaI5:CeCe3+4.453,000 (0.5 us); 55,000 (10 us)24401; 43910% CevanLoef2005
K2LaI5:CeCe3+4.429,000340; 3805.110% Ce; 50% in 115 nsvantSpijker1995
K2LiYBr6:CeCe3+10,40030 (1%); 250 (30%); 1,900 (69%)385; 420221% Ce3+: 37,000 photons/neutronBirowosuto2008b
K2YF5CV3.63001.3170VanEijk1993
K2YF5:PrPr3+3.16.90020 (5%); + slow2402% PrDorenbos1993
K3Lu(PO4)2:CeCe3+3.926,50034 (81%); 1200 (19%)390171% CeWisniewski2004
KCaF3CV3.01,400< 2140-190VanEijk1993
KGd(PO3)4:CeCe3+3.5214,100325, 345crystalline powder; 1% CeZhong2009
KI:TlTl+3.19,700Holl1988
KLu2F7CV7,5270< 2165VanEijk1993
KLuF4CV5.21701.3170-200VanEijk1993
KLuP2O7:CeCe3+3.8716,0006.3 (14.9%); 27.2(85.1%)394crystalline powder; 0.5% CeYuan2007
KMgF3CV3.21,4001.3140-190VanEijk1993
KYF4CV3.61,0001.9170VanEijk1993
KYP2O7:CeCe3+3.1110,0006.7 (22.6%); 23.2(77.4%)380crystalline powder; 0.5% CeYuan2007
La2Hf2O7:TiTi4+7.913,00010,000475transparent ceramic; 2% Ti4+Ji2005
La2O2S:CeCe3+5.82Not detectedYen1996
La2O3:CeCe3+6.6Not detectedYen1996
La2O3:CeCe3+6.6Not detectedvanderKolk2007
LaAlO3:CeCe3+6.5Not detectedvanderKolk2007
LaB3O6:CeCe3+4.27,700300; 320crystalline powder; 0.05% CeKnitel2000
LaBO3:BiBi3+5.2800365Blasse1968
LaBO3:CeCe3+5.2600355; 380crystalline powderKnitel2000
LaBr(3-x)I(x):CeCe3+5.4742,000(0.5 us); 45,000(10 us)31(70%); 244(30%)400; 4344.1all entries for x = 0.75 and 5% CeBirowosuto2008
LaBr(3-x)I(x):CeCe3+5.5155,000(0.5 us); 58,000(10 us)28472; 50014.6all entries for x = 1.5 and 5% CeBirowosuto2008
LaBr(3-x)I(x):CeCe3+5.6022,000(0.5us); 22,000(10 us)12460; 51035.9all entries for x = 2.25 and 5% CeBirowosuto2008
LaBr3:CeCe3+5.161,00030356; 3872.90.5% CevanLoef2002
LaBr3:CeCe3+5.173,0002.7-3.2sizes 5-76 mm; 5% CeMenge2007
LaBr3:CeCe3+5.174,00037510% CeHaas2008
LaBr3:CeCe3+5.175,0005% Ce; luminosity = average of APD and PD valuesdehaas2008
LaBr3:CeCe3+5.168,600Salacka2010
LaCeF6Ce3+4,500Wojtowicz1994
LaCl3SX3.834,0003,480400vanLoef2001b
LaCl3:CeCe3+3.849,00025 + slow330; 3523.110% CevanLoef2001b
LaCl3:CeCe3+3.848,0003505% CeHaas2008
LaCl3:CeCe3+3.850,00010% Ce; luminosity = average of APD and PD valuesdehaas2008
LaCl3:CeCe3+3.840,900Salacka2010
LaF3:CeCe3+5.92,2003; 26.5290; 34010% CeMoses1990
LaF3:NdNd3+5.942,0006.31730.03% NdSchotanus1988
LaF3:NdNd3+5.9427017310.6% NdDorenbos1996
LaI3:CeCe3+5.6200-3001-2452; 502luminosity 16,000 photons/MeV at 100KBessiere2005b
LaMgB5O10:CeCe3+1,300310; 317crystalline powder; 0.05% CeKnitel2000
LaNb5O14SA7503,000 (73%)445crystalline powderDerenzo2011
LaNbO4SA11,0002,900 (71%)436crystalline powderDerenzo2011
LaOBr:CeCe3+38% of ZnS:Ag38460phosphor, 1% CeBuchanan1981
LaOBr:CeCe3+6.173,000*1 (11%); 4 (26%); 13 (35%)425* 0.04 x LaBr3:Ce; crystalline powderEagleman2011
LaOCl:BiBi3+1,600345Blasse1968
LaOCl:CeCe3+4.3% of ZnS:Ag100435phosphor, 1% CeBuchanan1981
LaOCl:CeCe3+5.45<700*17 (15%); 106 (16%); 836 (15%)420* <0.01 x LaBr3:Ce; crystalline powder; 2% CeEagleman2011
LaOF:CeCe3+6.03not observedcrystalline powderEagleman2011
LaOI:CeCe3+5.917,500*24 (86%)470* 0.11 x LaBr3:Ce; crystalline powderEagleman2011
LaSCl:CeCe3+6505.5 ns (11%); 25 (51%); 102 (28%)460crystalline powder; 10% CeDerenzo2011
LaScO3:CeCe3+9002.2 ns (63%); 7.3 (19%)444crystalline powder; 1% CeDerenzo2011
Li12LuGd(BO3)6Ce3+60(28%); 313(14%); 30,000 (58%) 40019%Fawad2014
Li2CaSiO4:CeCe3+2.97,80027.00.5% CePierron2003
Li2NaYBr6:CeCe3+12,40030 (3%); 560 (11%); 2,600 (86%)383; 413101% Ce3+: 37,000 photons/neutronBirowosuto2008b
Li3TaO4SA30,0006,100 (67%)398crystalline powderDerenzo2011
Li3YCl6:CeCe3+2.453305 (1 us); 6185 (10 us)250; 2,300360; 385Combes1999
Li6Gd(BO3)3:CeCe3+14,000385; 415crystalline powderKnitel2000
Li6Y(BO3)3:CeCe3+1,200388; 419crystalline powderKnitel2000
LiBaF3CV5.21,4000.8190; 230VanEijk1993
LiBaF3SX5.241,6006,000300Knitel1996
LiBaF3CV5.241,2000.8187; 225Knitel1996
LiCaAlF6:CeCe3+3.0502806 ns rise timeGetkin2003
LiCaPO4:CeCe3+2.95,90025.50.5% CePierron2003
LiGd(PO3)4:CeCe3+3.542,600310, 329crystalline powder; 1% CeZhong2009
LiGdCl43.7036,000310; 340; 360crystalline powderPorter2009
LiGdCl4:CeCe3+3.7064,60033345; 365crystalline powder; 20 % CePorter2009
LiI:EuEu2+4.0815,0004757.5Syntfeld2005
LiI:EuEu2+4.081,200Murray1958
LiLuF4:CeCe3+3,600320310; 335Yanagida2011
LiYSiO4:BiBi3+350Blasse1968
(Lu,Y)2SiO5:Ce (LYSO)Ce3+7.127,000425Haas2008
Lu(2-2x)Gd(2x)SiO5:Ce (LGSO)Ce3+20,00012.4x = 0.037 in crystalBalcerzyk2000b
Lu(x)Gd(1-x)I3:CeCe3+78,40029540x= 0.7; 2% CeGlodo2008
Lu(x)Y(1-x)I3:CeCe3+68,10028522x= 0.7; 2% CeGlodo2008
Lu1.8Y0.2SiO5:Ce (LYSO)Ce3+7.134,00041 + slow397Pidol2004
Lu2O3:CeCe3+9.52Not detectedYen1996
Lu2O3:CeCe3+9.5Not detectedvanderKolk2007
Lu2S3:CeCe3+6.2528,00032592VantSpijker1998
Lu2Si2O7:Ce (LPS)Ce3+6.223,00030380Pauwels2000
Lu2Si2O7:Ce (LPS)Ce3+6.226,00038378Pidol2004
Lu2Si2O7:Ce (LPS)Ce3+6.29,6000.25% CeCutler2009
Lu2SiO5:CeCe3+7.428,000luminosity = average of APD and PD valuesdehaas2008
Lu2SiO5:Ce (LSO)Ce3+7.433,00040420Melcher1992
Lu2SiO5:Ce (LSO)Ce3+7.427,300Moszynski1997a
Lu2SiO5:Ce (LSO)Ce3+7.427,000404207.9Melcher1996
Lu2SiO5:Ce (LSO)Ce3+7.47 (1%); 38.8 (99%)risetime: < 50 ps (88%); 350 ps (12%)Derenzo2000
Lu2SiO5:Ce (LSO)Ce3+7.429,000425Haas2008
Lu2SiO5:Ce (LSO)Ce3+7.426,0008.4Balcerzyk2000b
Lu2SiO5:Ce (LSO)Ce3+7.422,2000.02% CeCutler2009
Lu2SiO5:Ce/Ca (LSO)Ce3+7.425,4000.1% Ce; 0.1% CaCutler2009
Lu2SiO5:PrPr3+7.42,200 + slow26247Nikl2006
Lu2SiO5:Pr,CaPr3+7.46.9 (66%); 23.2 (34%) + slow0.2% Pr3+, 0.1% CaYang2009
Lu3Al5O12:Ce (LuAG)Ce3+6.712,500Mares2004
Lu3Al5O12:Ce (LuAG)Ce3+6.75,606510Lempicki1995
Lu3Al5O12:PrPr3+6.717,000213100.14 % PrOgino2006
Lu3Al5O12:PrPr3+6.716,000263080.25% PrNikl2005
Lu3Al5O12:PrPr3+6.720,00020 (68%); 455 (32%)0.25% PrOgino2006a
Lu3Al5O12:PrPr3+6.716,00017.2 (30%); 53 (16%); 1,590 (54%)3105.0Swiderski2009
Lu3Al5O12:PrPr3+6.712,4001% PrCutler2009
Lu3Al5O12:PrPr3+6.719,000203104.6Drozdowski2008
LuAlO3:Ce (LuAP)Ce3+8.3411,40016.5; 743650.105% CeMoszynski1997b
LuAlO3:Ce (LuAP)Ce3+8.369,60011; 28; 835390Moses1995
LuAlO3:Ce (LuAP)Ce3+8.3411,300Moszynski1997a
LuAlO3:Ce (LuAP)Ce3+8.3420,50017.9365Lempicki1995
LuBO3:Ce (Calcite)Ce3+6.810,800 (0.5 us); 12,000 (10 us)5% CeZhang1999
LuBO3:Ce (vaderite)Ce3+7.43,000 (0.5 us); 3,900 (10 us)5% CeZhang1999
LuBO3:Pr (Calcite)Pr3+6.84,200 (0.5 us); 7,300 (10 us)1% PrZhang1999
LuBO3:Pr (vaderite)Pr3+7.44,200 (0.5 us); 7,300 (10 us)1% PrZhang1999
LuBr3:CeCe3+5.226,00032 + slow0.76% CevanLoef2003
LuCl3:CeCe3+4.06,60046 + slow0.45% CevanLoef2003
LuF3:CeCe3+8.38,00028310Birowosuto2009
LuI3:CeCe3+5.650,00031 (69%); 400 (15%); 3,000 (16%) + slow475; 520Glodo2005
LuI3:CeCe3+5.650,00023-31474decay time depends on Ce3+ concentrationShah2004
LuI3:CeCe3+5.676,000 (0.5 us; 98,000 (10 us)complex5405% CeBirowosuto2006a
LuI3:CeCe3+5.6876,000 (0.5 us; 98,000 (10 us)complex5403.35% CeBirowosuto2006c
LuI3:CeCe3+5.6115,000285222% CeGlodo2008
LuOBr:CeCe3+7.6403, 432Rabatin1982
LuOBr:CeCe3+7.587,000*25 (56%); 73 (10%)405; 445* 0.10 x LaBr3:Ce; crystalline powder; 0.5% CeEagleman2011
LuOCl:CeCe3+7.2weak x-ray luminescence reportedRabatin1982
LuOCl:CeCe3+7.165,500*377 (16%); 1,512 (77%)380* 0.08 x LaBr3:Ce; crystalline powder; 0.5% CeEagleman2011
LuOF:CeCe3+not observedcrystalline powderEagleman2011
LuOI:CeCe3+7.71700*23 (82%); 73 (10%)430; 480* 0.01 x LaBr3:Ce; crystalline powder; 1% CeEagleman2011
LuPO4:CeCe3+6.5317,20025360Lempicki1993
LuScBO3:CeCe3+4,20031370Yanagida2011
MgSr2Si2O7:EuEu2+4,000186 ns (50%); 435 (31%)465crystalline powder; 2% EuDerenzo2011
Na2Gd2B2O7:CeCe3+6,00036 ns (50%); 66 (42%)447; 478crystalline powder; 2 % CeDerenzo2011
NaBaPO4:EuEu2+20,000355 ns (32%); 885 (64%)450; 610crystalline powder; 0.5% EuDerenzo2011
NaGd(PO3)4:CeCe3+3.6221,00012.4313; 332crystalline powder, 2.5% CeZhong2007
NaGd(PO3)4:CeCe3+3.6211,100314, 333crystalline powder; 1% CeZhong2009
NaGdCl43.442,400305; 345; 365crystalline powderPorter2009
NaGdCl4:CeCe3+3.4439,40026350; 370crystalline powder; 20% CePorter2009
NaI:TlTl+3.6745,0004157.1Sakai1987
NaI:TlTl+3.6743,000Holl1988
NaI:TlTl+3.67415Grabmaier1984
NaI:TlTl+3.675.6Persyk1978
NaI:TlTl+3.6744,000415Haas2008
NaI:TlTl+3.6745,000luminosity = average of APD and PD valuesdehaas2008
NaI(pure)SX3.6780,00060 ns77K, 14% FWHM for 122 keV gammasPersyk1980
NaI(pure)SX3.673.877K, 50,000 ns peaking timeMoszynski2008
NaLaSiO4:CeCe3+5,00026 ns (32%) + slow405crystalline powder; 5% CeDerenzo2011
NaLuP2O7:CeCe3+4.116,0005.5 (17.7%); 20.4(82.3%)370crystalline powder; 0.5% CeYuan2007
PbCl2Pb2+5.92302.9 (41%); 20 (32%); 179 (27%)500crystalline powderDerenzo1990
PbCl2:GdGd3+5.91,350; 6,20025.60.1% Gd; 173KKim2008
PbCO3Pb2+6.67605.6; 27; 155475Luminosity 16,000 photons/MeV at -40CMoses1990
PbCO3Pb2+6.66802.0 (22%); 15 (69%); 92 (9%)432; 46511,900 photons/MeV at -120CMoses1991
PbFClPb2+7.111,7004; 35392; 420Chen2004
PbFClK+7.11360550Yang2014
PbI2d-a6.1640,00010% in first ns52014K; native defect donor-acceptor recombinationDerenzo2013
PbSO4Pb2+6.44,9001.8; 19; 95; 425335Luminosity 68,500 photons/MeV at -145CMoses1992
PbSO4Pb2+6.410,0001.85; 14.5; 125-150340; 380Zadneprovski2004
PbSO4Pb2+6.47.2 (21%); 35 (32%); 104 (39%); 656 (5.5%)35Zhang1994
PbWO4CX8.282006420QRTAnnenkov2002
PbWO4CX8.23002.5 (25%); 11 (29%); 98 (46%)490crystalline powderDerenzo1990
PbWO4:PrPr3+8.22502,000480, 620, 6401% PrNikl2008
PrBr3:CeCe3+5.321,0008 + 22365; 39520% CeBirowosuto2006b
PrF3Pr3+6.3510394Villora2005
Rb2CeBr5Ce3+4.2634,00056.1 (98.8%); 329.9 (1.2%)390.56.9Kim2009
Rb2LiCeBr6Ce3+4.633,00055 (87%); 284 (13%)3906.3Rooh2010b
Rb2LiCeCl6Ce3+3.1023,10071 (85%); 405 (15%)3707.9Rooh2012
Rb2LiLaBr6:CeCe3+33,00026 (5%); 310 (37%); 1,100 (58%)363; 3874.81% Ce3+: 54,000 photons/neutronBirowosuto2008b
Rb2LiYBr6:CeCe3+3.8223,00042 (3%); 140 (23%); 1,600 (74%)385; 4204.70.5% CeBirowosuto2007a
Rb2LiYBr6:CeCe3+23,00042 (3%); 140 (23%); 1,600 (74%)381; 4144.70.5% Ce3+; 83,000 photons/neutronBirowosuto2008b
Rb2LiYI6:CeCe3+71(53%); 400(31%); 1,400 (16%)Birowosuto2009
Rb2LiYI6:CeCe3+11,00071 (31%); 400 53%); 1,400 (16%)435; 480280.5% Ce3+; 37,000 photons/neutronBirowosuto2008b
RbClCV2.81190VanEijk1993
RbFCV3.617001.3203; 234VanEijk1993
RbGd2Br7:CeCe3+4.856,00045430Shah2002
RbGd2Br7:CeCe3+4.856,000434104.19.8% CeGuillotNoel1999b
RbGd2Br7:CeCe3+4.755,000604203.85% Ce3+Dorenbos1997
RbLuP2O7:CeCe3+4.201,3006.3 (23.2%); 24.0(76.8%)393crystalline powder; 0.5% CeYuan2007
RbYP2O7:CeCe3+3.277,0008.8 (14.8%); 27.8(85.2%)393crystalline powder; 0.5% CeYuan2007
Sc2O3SA3.837,70038; 21735022crystalFukabori2012
ScBO3:BiBi3+3.5300Blasse1968
ScBO3:CeCe3+3.56,500385; 420crystalline powderKnitel2000
Sr5(PO4)3F:CeCe3+4.17340342crystalline powder, 25% CeZeng2006
SrBr2:EuEu2+4.2525,0008Cherepy2009
SrBrI:EuEu2+4.947,000 (est.)5% Eu2+Bourret2012
SrClI:EuEu2+4.170,000 (est.)5% Eu2+Bourret2012
SrF2:CeCe3+4.34 (24%); 30 (76%)340-35035% CeGektin2009
SrHfO3:CeCe3+6.740,00042 + slow410transparent ceramicVanLoef2007
SrI2SA4.5538,0005606.7Cherepy2009
SrI2:Ce/NaCe3+4.5916,00027 (25%); 450 (75%)404; 4356.40.5% Ce/Navanloef2009
SrI2:EuEu2+4.690,0001,2004353.7Cherepy2008
SrI2:EuEu2+4.640,000430Hofstadter1968
SrI2:EuEu2+4.59120,0001,2004353.05% Euvanloef2009
SrI2:EuEu2+4.55115,0001,2004352.86% EuCherepy2009
SrI2:EuEu2+4.55620 (0.5% Eu); 1650 (10% Eu)429 (0.5% Eu); 436 (10% Eu)crystals < 1 cm^3Glodo2010
SrI2:EuEu2+4.5590,0002.68Sturm2011
Ta2Zn3O8SA7.11,130385crystalline powderRack1998
ThBr4SX5.8405Krupa1979
ThCl4SX4.6345Krupa1979
TlCl(Be,I)7.01,00020046542Rosette1970
Y2O3SX5.0415,4802837036% of NaI:TlOgorodnikov1996
Y2O3SA5.049,30034; 10735018.4Fukabori2010
Y2O3:BiBi3+5.0410Blasse1968
Y2O3:CeCe3+5.0Not detectedYen1996
Y2O3:CeCe3+5.0Not detectedvanderKolk2007
Y2SiO5:Ce (YSO)Ce3+4.459,200424209.0Melcher1996
Y2SiO5:Ce (YSO)Ce3+4.4524,0009.4Balcerzyk2000b
Y2SiO5:Ce (YSO)Ce3+4.4523,4000.10% CeCutler2009
Y2SiO5:Ce/Ca (YSO)Ce3+4.4521,2000.10% Ce; 0.10% CaCutler2009
Y2WO6:BiBi3+1,600515Blasse1968
Y3Al5O12:Ce (YAG)SX4.5511,61010026027% of NaI:TlOgorodnikov1996
Y3Al5O12:Ce (YAG)Ce3+4.5516,700Moszynski1997a
Y3Al5O12:Ce (YAG)Ce3+4.553.5Selim2007
Y3Al5O12:Ce (YAG)Ce3+4.55119 + slow300; 550crystal; 0.1% CeMihokova2007
Y3Al5O12:Ce (YAG)Ce3+4.5585 + slow550ceramic; 0.5% CeMihokova2007
Y3Al5O12:PrPr3+6.716,000143200.25% PrOgino2006
Y3Al5O12:PrPr3+4.558,00018 (80%) + slow300-400Dorenbos1993
YAl3B4O12:BiBi3+3.7290Blasse1968
YAl3B4O12:CeCe3+3.75,700344; 367crystalline powderKnitel2000
YAlO3:Ce (YAP)Ce3+5.3516,20027347Baryshevsky1991
YAlO3:Ce (YAP)Ce3+5.3521,600Mares2004
YAlO3:Ce (YAP)Ce3+5.3518,000Moszynski1997a
YAlO3:Ce (YAP)Ce3+5.3520,10024.2365Lempicki1995
YAlO3:Ce (YAP)Ce3+5.3515,900deHaas2005
YAlO3:Ce (YAP)Ce3+5.3526 (90%); 67 (10%)risetime: 240 psDerenzo2000
YAlO3:Ce (YAP)Ce3+5.354.4Kapusta1999
YBa3B9O18SA3.9140027400He2007
YBO3:BiBi3+4.51,000328Blasse1968
YBO3:CeCe3+4.510,000390; 415crystalline powderKnitel2000
YCl3:CeCe3+4,500390; 4101% Cecherginets2009
YI3:CeCe3+4.698,600345492% CeGlodo2008
YMgB5O10:CeCe3+330305crystalline powderKnitel2000
YNbO4:BiBi3+465Blasse1968
YOBr:CeCe3+61% of ZnS:Ag65405, 440phosphor, 1% CeBuchanan1981
YOBr:CeCe3+5.0610,000*25 (76%); 59 (17%)400; 445* 0.15 x LaBr3:Ce; crystalline powderEagleman2011
YOCl:BiBi3+1,400400Blasse1968
YOCl:CeCe3+52% of ZnS:Ag34365, 405phosphor, 1% CeBuchanan1981
YOCl:CeCe3+4.643,500*20 (83%)380* 0.05 x LaBr3:Ce; crystalline powder; 1% CeEagleman2011
YOF:BiBi3+330Blasse1968
YOF:CeCe3+5.23not observedcrystalline powderEagleman2011
YOI:CeCe3+5.425,000*23 (85%)430; 480* 0.07 x LaBr3:Ce; crystalline powder; 1% CeEagleman2011
YPO4:BiBi3+700342Blasse1968
YVO4:BiBi3+4,500559Blasse1968
Zn3Ta2O8SA30,000270 (18%); 1,060 (80%)385crystalline powderDerenzo2011
ZnO:GaGa3+5.70.36 (35%); 0.82 (65%)fast n-type phosphor, risetime < 40 psDerenzo2000
ZnO:GaGa3+5.7<1385fast n-type phosphorLehmann1966
ZnO:Ga/HGa3+5.79,7000.8389crystalline powder; luminoisity 54% of YAlO3:CeBourret2009
ZnSe:O5.4271,5004,000; 12,0005957.4luminosity = 1.277 CsI:TlKim2007
ZnSe:TeTe2- BX5.4255,00050,00064513.2Schotanus1992
ZnSe:TeTe2- BX5.4228,3006105.4Balcerzyk2002
ZnWO4CX7.859,30020,000Holl1988
ZnWO4CX7.8521,800480Grabmaier1984
ZnWO4CX7.85700; 7,000; 25,0008.5Nagornaya2009
ZnWO4CX7.851,000; 4,000; 25,00010.7Kraus2009
ZnWO4CX7.857,17024,00011.1300KKlamra2009
ZnWO4CX7.858,4609.377KKlamra2009